What Agreements Were Made in the Potsdam Conference

The Potsdam Conference was a historic meeting held in Potsdam, Germany from July 17 to August 2, 1945. This conference was attended by the leaders of the Allied powers, namely Harry S. Truman of the United States, Winston Churchill of Great Britain, and Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union. During this event, numerous agreements were made that would shape the future of the world. Here are some of the key agreements made during the Potsdam Conference:

1. Germany would be divided into four occupational zones: The Allied powers agreed to divide Germany into four occupational zones, each to be controlled by one of the four major Allies. The Soviet Union would control the eastern part of Germany, while the United States, Great Britain, and France would control the western part.

2. War reparations would be extracted from Germany: The Allies agreed that Germany would have to pay reparations for damages caused during World War II. These damages included physical destruction and human suffering, as well as economic losses suffered by the Allies. The amount of these reparations was set at $20 billion, a sum that Germany was unable to pay.

3. The Nuremberg Trials would be held: The Allies agreed to prosecute the leaders of Nazi Germany for war crimes and crimes against humanity. The first of these trials was held in Nuremberg, Germany in 1945, and many other trials followed in the years that followed.

4. Poland`s borders would be adjusted: The Allies agreed to adjust Poland`s borders, moving them to the west and giving the country significant new territories. This was done in part to compensate Poland for the loss of territory to the Soviet Union.

5. Soviet Union would declare war on Japan: The Allies agreed that the Soviet Union would declare war on Japan within two to three months after Germany`s surrender. This agreement was one of the factors that led to Japan`s surrender in August 1945.

These are just a few of the many agreements made during the Potsdam Conference. While some of these agreements have been controversial over the years, they played a vital role in shaping the post-war world and establishing the new order that emerged in the years after World War II. As such, the Potsdam Conference remains a landmark event in world history.